Compare Galatians Of man and beast — This passage does not permit human sacrifices. Man is elsewhere clearly recognized as one of the creatures which were not to be offered in sacrifice Exodus ; Exodus ; Numbers It was in this way that Israel was required to destroy the Canaanites at Hormah Numbers ; compare Deuteronomy , and that Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the Lord 1 Samuel In all such instances, a moral obligation rests upon him whose office it is to take the life: he has to look upon the object of his stroke as under a ban to the Lord compare Deuteronomy ; Galatians Therefore, there can be neither redemption nor commutation.
The sacrifice was always the offering up of the innocent life of a creature chosen, approved, and without spot or blemish. Was it then lawful for any man or men thus to devote another person to the Lord, and in pursuance of such vow to put him to death? For this is expressly limited to all that a man hath, or which is his , i.
But the Jews had no power over the lives of their children or servants, but were directly forbidden to take them away, by that great command, Thou shalt do no murder. And seeing he that killed his servant casually by a blow with a rod was surely to be punished , as is said Exodus , it could not be lawful wilfully and intentionally to take away his life upon pretence of any such vow as this.
And although the general subject of this and the former verse be one and the same, yet there are two remarkable differences to this purpose:. The devoted person or thing is only to be sold or redeemed, and said to be most holy, Leviticus ; but here it is to be put to death, and this belongs only to men, and those such as either were or should be devoted in manner now expressed. So in the Talmud o , this is interpreted of Canaanitish servants and handmaids; or whether devoted by men to destruction, either by the people of Israel, as their avowed enemies they should take in war, whom, and their cities, they vowed to the Lord they would utterly destroy, Numbers ; and of such Aben Ezra interprets the words of the text; or such as were doomed by the civil magistrates to die for capital crimes, by stoning, burning, strangling, and slaying with the sword.
Matthew Poole's Commentary on the Holy Bible - Book of Hosea (Annotated)
Some have thought, that it was through a mistaken sense of this law, that Jephthah having made a rash vow sacrificed his daughter, Judges ; but it is a question whether he did or not. Taking into account all the available information we can gather from the Old Testament about human conduct, it hardly seems probable that this verse justifies human sacrifices. Such an interpretation is a gross misinterpretation of the facts. This must not cause any surprise, since the same thing has been done for centuries.
You are commenting using your WordPress. In the United States there appeared from the pen of Dr. Alexander, of Princeton died , a noteworthy Commentary on Isaiah, fully abreast of the modern learning, but staunchly censervative; also a Commentary on Psalms.
From the same seminary proceeded the massive commentaries of Dr. These Notes, the fruit of the use of the early morning hours in a busy pastoral life, covered the whole of the New Testament, with several books of the Old Testament Job, Psalms, Isaiah, Daniel. Sensible and informative, rather than original or profound, they proved helpful to many. Over 1,, copies are stated to have been sold. Of similar aim, though less widely known, were the Notes of Professor M.
Jacobus died ; on the New Testament, Genesis and Exodus. A new era was opened in critical commentary in England by the publication of the Greek Testament of Dean Alford died , followed by his New Testament for English Readers Here was presented a thoroughly critical treatment of the texts, with a full display of the critical apparatus, and notes philological and exegetical, accompanied by learned and lucid introductions, on all the books of the New Testament. About the same time appeared the solid, if more theological and homiletical, commentaries of the Scottish scholar, J.
Eadie died , on Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, 1 and 2 Thessalonians. Anglican scholarship produced its ripest fruits in this line in the classical Critical and Grammatical Commentary of Bishop Ellicott died on Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, Philemon, Thessalonians, Pastoral Epistles, and the yet more remarkable series of commentaries of Bishop J. Lightfoot died , massive in learning, and wider in outlook than Ellicott's, on Galatians, Philemon, Colossians and Philemon.
A large part of the value of Lightfoot's works consists in the special essays or dissertations on important subjects embodied in them e.
With these names should be associated that of Bishop Westcott, Dr. Lightfoot's successor in the see of Durham died , whose commentaries on the Gospel and Epistles of John, and on He, take a place among the foremost.
Bishop Moule, who, in turn, succeeded Dr. In Old Testament exposition mention should be made of Bishop Perowne's valuable work on the Book of Psalms 2nd edition, revised, , with his contributions to the Cambridge Bible see below. The critical and theological liberalism of Germany has made its influence felt in England in the rise of a Broad Church party, the best products of which in commentary were Dean Stanley's died graphic and interesting Commentary on 1 and 2 Corinthians and Dr.
The new spirit culminated in the appearance of the famous Essays and Reviews , and in the works of Bishop Colenso on the Pentateuch and Joshua Bishop Colenso had already published a translation of Romans, with commentary Besides works by individual authors, there appeared during this period several general commentaries, to the production of which many writers contributed. The following may be mentioned.
The Speaker's Commentary 10 volumes, , under the general editorship of Canon F. Cook died , was called forth by the agitation over Bishop Colenso. The work is of unequal value. Perowne died himself contributed to the first-named the commentaries on Obadiah, Jonah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi and Galatians.
Many valuable contributions appear in this series, e. Kirkpatrick on 1 and 2 Samuel and Psalms, A.
Findlay on Thessalonians, etc. Payne Smith, Exodus by Canon G. Rawlinson, etc. Akin to this in character was the Popular Commentary on the New Testament 4 volumes, , edited by Dr. This embraced, with other excellent matter, commentaries on Thessalonians by Dr. Marcus Dods, and on 1 and 2 Peter by Dr. The Pulpit Commentary 49 volumes, ff , edited by J.
Exell and Canon H. Spence, has expositions by good scholars, and an abundance of homiletical material by a great variety of authors. The series of Handbooks for Bible Classes T. Clark, Edinburgh has a number of valuable commentaries, e. Davidson on He.
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In the most recent period the conspicuous feature has been the production of commentaries in series or by individual writers embodying the results of an advanced Old Testament criticism--in less degree of a radical New Testament criticism. Gunkel, and on Deuteronomy and Joshua by C. Much more conservative in spirit are the commentaries of H. Weiss, W. Bousset, etc. In Britain and America like currents are observable. Professor T. Cheyne, who wrote a helpful commentary on the Prophecies of Isa , and subsequently commentaries on Micah and Hosea Cambridge Bible , Jeremiah Pulpit Commentary , and on The Book of Psalms , has become more and more extreme in his opinions.
Driver and Plummer in England, and Dr. Driver himself writes on Deuteronomy; Dr. Skinner, on Genesis; Dr. Moore, on Judges; Dr. Smith, on 1 and 2 Samuel; Dr.
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Briggs, on Psalms; Dr. Toy, on Proverbs; Dr. Allen, Luke by Dr. Plummer, Romans by Drs. Sanday and Headlam, etc. A similar series is the Westminister Commentary, recently commenced, to which Dr. Driver contributes the volume on Genesis ; 7th edition, Yet another recent popular series is The Century Bible, to which again leading critical scholars lend their aid Dr.
Bennett on Genesis; also on "General Epistles"; Dr. Kennedy on 1 and 2 Samuel; Dr.
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